COVID-19 Plain language glossary: English - Venda

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TERM PLAIN ENGLISH DEFINITION TRANSLATION TRANSLATION
Adverse events Adverse events Any health problem that happens after a shot or other vaccine. An adverse event might be truly caused by a vaccine, or it might be pure coincidence. Mathada a mutakalo ano bvelela nga murahu ha muthu o haeliwa Mathada a mutakalo ano bvelela nga murahu ha muthu o haeliwa
Anaphylaxis / Anaphylactic shock Allergic reaction A very extreme allergic reaction that can cause a shock to the body, and symptoms can include skin rash, nausea, vomiting, difficulty breathing and shock. munyavhili musi muvhili u sa anḓani na tshithu tshine muthu a khou shumisa kana u ḽa. Tsumbo dza hone ndi u va zwipundu muvhili,u silingea,u ṱanza, u balelwa u fema na u tshuwa
Antibodies Antibodies Antibodies are proteins that our bodies make to fight a specific illness that attacks our bodies. They are specialised soldiers that the body uses to fight every illness differently. When a new virus like COVID-19 comes attacks us it take the body a few days to create the soldier antibodies that can attack it. masole a muvhili masole a muvhili a shuma u lwisa zwitzhili na malwadze muvhilini wa muthu sa COVID-19
Asymptomatic infection Asymptomatic An infection without symptoms; no signs of illness. vhulwadze vhu si na tsumbo dwadze vhulwadze vhu si na tsumbo dwadze
Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria, also called germs to small to see with the naked eye. Some bacteria are good for you, while others can make you sick. Tshitzhili Tshitzhili ndi tshika isa vhonali nga maṱo ine inga lwadza muthu kana ya sa mulwadze
Booster dose Booster dose An additional dose of a vaccine needed periodically to 'boost' the immune system. U engedza tshikalo tsha mushonga wa u haela u khwaṱhisa masole a muvhili U engedza tshikalo tsha mushonga wa u haela u khwaṱhisa masole a muvhili
Breaking News Breaking news New and important information Mafungo maswa a vhuṱogwa Mafungo maswa a vhuṱogwa
Chest Pain Chest pain When you feel pain in your chest or heart area U vhavha ha khana U vhavha ha khana
Clinical trial Clinical trial A clinical trial tests the effectiveness and safety of medications, vaccines or medical devices by monitoring their effects on large groups of people. Clinical trials have many steps, and only the last few involve testing medicines on human beings. Clinical trial results are checked by independent experts. Ndingo dza kiḽiniki dza u linga uri mushonga u a shuma naa. Ndingo idzo dzi itiwa ngau nekedza tshigwada tsha vhathu uyo mushonga ha sezwa uri u a shuma na u kona u alafha vhulwadze uvho naa khathihi na masiandoitwa Ndingo dza kiḽiniki dza u linga uri mushonga u a shuma naa. Ndingo idzo dzi itiwa ngau nekedza tshigwada tsha vhathu uyo mushonga ha sezwa uri u a shuma na u kona u alafha vhulwadze uvho naa khathihi na masiandoitwa
Communicable Communicable a disease that spreads from one person or animal to another. Some bacteria and viruses can cause communicable diseases. Other diseases – that do not spread from person to person, like diabetes or hypertension – are called ‘non-communicable’. Vhulwadze ho no fhirela Vhulwadze ho no fhirela
Comorbidity Pre-existing disease Pre-existing diseases are conditions that a person has before getting another disease . In the context of COVID-19 it refers to existing chronic diseases – like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes or hypertension, to name a few – that could put people at a higher risk of developing complications if they are infected with the Corona virus. Malwadze asa fholi ane muthu a vha nao, a sa athu u farwa nga COVID-19 Malwadze asa fholi ane muthu a vha nao, a sa athu u farwa nga COVID-19
Congregate settings Gatherings When many people come together at the same place and at the same time. Eg: parties, marches, schools, prisons, churches etc. Maguvhangano Maguvhangano sa minyanya,zwikoloni,dzhelena kerekeni
Consipracy Theory Fake news story Fake news stories are created to combined some facts and incorrect information to create a story that will convince people that what is told to them by people in authority like governments, healthcare workers and scientists is not true and will hurt them Mafhungo a si a vhukuma kana asi na vhuṱanzi Mafhungo a si a vhukuma kana asi na vhuṱanzi
Contract Become infected To catch or develop a disease – you can become infected Covid-19, for example, by breathing in the droplets of someone who is infected with the virus. u fariwa/kavhiwa nga dwadze u fariwa/kavhiwa nga dwadze sa u fema muya ure na tshitzhili tsha COVID-19
Contra-indications medicines clash When a medicine, or medical process should not be used because it may be harmful to that person because of pre-existing conditions or other medicine they are using. U sa tshimbilelana ha mishonga kana arali mushonga u sa anḓani na miṅwe mishonga ine muthu a vha a tshi khou shumisa yone U sa tshimbilelana ha mishonga kana arali mushonga u sa anḓani na miṅwe mishonga ine muthu a vha a tshi khou shumisa yone
Control group Control group In any medical experiment or trial, scientists compare what happens when you give an active medicine linke a vaccine to one group to what would happen to a group if no active medicine or vaccine was given was given to them. The group that did not receive the active medicine are called the ‘control group’. tshigwada tshine musi hu tshi itiwa ndingo dza mushonga wa u haela a vho ngo fhiwa uyo mushonga kana u haeliwa tshigwada tshine musi hu tshi itiwa ndingo dza mushonga wa u haela a vho ngo fhiwa uyo mushonga kana u haeliwa
Coping Coping Being able to get through a difficult experience U konḓelela kha tshiimo tshi konḓaho U konḓelela kha tshiimo tshi konḓaho
Data Information Facts, evidence and statistics vhuṱanzi vhuṱanzi
Depopulation Depopulation A process of inetntionally trying to kills antire populations and communities to have less people in the world. There is a lot of fake news that tries to convince people that COVID-19 or vaccines are meant to kill people. U fhungudza vhathu shangoni nga mukhwa wa u vha vhulaha U fhungudza vhathu shangoni nga mukhwa wa u vha vhulaha
Depression Depression A mental health problem where a person feels very sad, tired, unable to cope and have no enegry for long periods of time Musi muthu a tshi pfa muya u fhasi, o neta,u balelwa u ṱanganedza nyimelo na u savha na nungo tshifhinga tshinzhi Musi muthu a tshi pfa muya u fhasi, o neta,u balelwa u ṱanganedza nyimelo na u savha na nungo tshifhinga tshinzhi
Diabetic Diabetic A person with high or low insulin levels Vhulwadze ha swigiri Vhulwadze ha swigiri
Diagnosis / Diagnose Diagnosis/ Diagnose To recognise a disease by its signs and symptoms is to diagnose a disease. If you test positive for Covid-19, you have a positive diagnosis for the virus U tumbula vhulwadze nga tsumbo dwadze U tumbula vhulwadze nga tsumbo dwadze
DNA DNA The small chemical that determines how a cell will look and what it will do mushonga/khemikhaḽa ino sumbedza uri tsiki dza muvhili dzi ḓo vha hani mushonga/khemikhaḽa ino sumbedza uri tsiki dza muvhili dzi ḓo vha hani
Dose Dose The amount of a medicine that you are allowed to take at one time Tshikalo tsha mushonga uno tea u shumisiwa Tshikalo tsha mushonga uno tea u shumisiwa
Drug resistance Vaccine resistant When a virus changes it becomes hard for the vaccines or medicines that are created to fight it to find it in our bodies. The vaccine will not work if the virus has changed too much. musi mushonga wa u haela u tshi balelwa u lafha tshitzhili nga mukhwa wa uri tshitzhili tsho shanduka musi mushonga wa u haela u tshi balelwa u lafha tshitzhili nga mukhwa wa uri tshitzhili tsho shanduka
Dry Cough Dry Cough A cough that feels like it is coming more from irritation in your throat Tshihoṱola tsho omaho hu sa bvi tshithu Tshihoṱola tsho omaho hu sa bvi tshithu
Effective works We say a vaccine "works” when it helps the body fight against a virus or bacteria u shuma/ u alafha Musi mushonga u tshi kona u lafha tshitzhili kana vhulwadze
Efficacy Efficacy This tells us how well a vaccine works. The “efficacy” of a vaccine is its ability to prevent illness and create immunity against a virus or bacteria. Maanḓa kana vhuhali ha mushonga kha u lafha vhulwadze Maanḓa kana vhuhali ha mushonga kha u lafha vhulwadze
Evidence Proven facts Facts or information which tell you whether an idea or belief is true Vhuṱanzi ho khwaṱhisezwaho Vhuṱanzi ho khwaṱhisezwaho
Experiment Experiment An operation or procedure carried out by scientists under controlled conditions in order to discover or investigate something unknown; to test or establish a hypothesis. Ndingo dza u ṱoḓisisa nga vhaḓivhi vha science Ndingo dza u ṱoḓisisa nga vhaḓivhi vha science
Exposed/exposure Exposed When you have been in contact with a person that has a virus lik COVID-19 Musi vho vha tsini na muthu are na vhulwadze ha COVID-19 Musi vho vha tsini na muthu are na vhulwadze ha COVID-19
Flattening the curve Flattening the curve Slowing down the spread of COVID-19 so that there are not too many people sick at the same time and hospitals are not too busy to help everyone U fhungudza u phaḓalala ha vhulwadze na u fhungudza tshivhalo tsha vhathu vhane vha khou vhaisala U fhungudza u phaḓalala ha vhulwadze na u fhungudza tshivhalo tsha vhathu vhane vha khou vhaisala
headache headache Pain in your head U rema ha ṱhoho U rema ha ṱhoho
High fever High fever When your tempreture is above 37 degrees usually leads to sweating U fhisa ha muvhili nga nṱha ha fumiraru -sumbe digirii zwa bvisa biko U fhisa ha muvhili nga nṱha ha fumiraru -sumbe digirii zwa bvisa biko
Hotline Hotline A phone services that provides specific information ṱhingo ya u wana thuso ṱhingo ya u wana thuso
hypertension hypertension High blood pressure Mutsiko wa nṱha wa malofha Mutsiko wa nṱha wa malofha
hypotension hypotension Low blood pressure mutsiko wa fhasi wa molofha mutsiko wa fhasi wa molofha
Immune response Immune response The way you body fights against bacteria, viruses, and substances that appear foreign and harmful. Nḓila ine masole a muvhili a lwisa ngayo vhulwadze Nḓila ine masole a muvhili a lwisa ngayo vhulwadze
Immune system Immune system All the parts of your body that fights against virus and germ. The immune system keeps a record of every germ/bacteria/virus it has ever defeated so it can recognise and destroy it quickly if it enters the body again. We say the immune system has a memory. masole a muvhili Masole a muvhili a shuma u lwisa vhulwadze muvhilini wa muthu na u tsireledza kha malwadze na zwitzhili zwo fhambanaho
Immunisation Immunisation Is the process where a person's body is given a vaccine that helps it fight a new virus like COVID-19 U haeliwa u thivhela malwadze U haeliwa u thivhela malwadze ano nga COVID-19
Immunity Immunity When your immune system has a memory of a virus and sends the correct antibodies to fight the virus. This memory can be created by a vaccine Musi masole a muvhili a tshi kona u ḓivha tshitzhili tshi saathu u ita vhulwadze a kona u tshi lwisa Musi masole a muvhili a tshi kona u ḓivha tshitzhili tshi saathu u ita vhulwadze a kona u tshi lwisa
Immuno- compromised Immuno-compromised Having a weak ability for your body to fight a disease because of pre-exiting diseases Musi masole a muvhili a tshi balelwa u lwisa vhulwadze na zwitzhili Musi masole a muvhili a tshi balelwa u lwisa vhulwadze na zwitzhili nga mulandu wa malwadze ane muthu avha nao
Incubate Incubate Before you get symptoms of a particular illness, the bacteria or virus that causes disease is spreading slowly in your body to make you feel sick. Musi tshitzhili tshi khou phaḓalala tshi saathu u sumbedza tsumbo dwadze Musi tshitzhili tshi khou phaḓalala tshi saathu u sumbedza tsumbo dwadze
Infectious Infectious Contagious/catchy – capable of making an infection U fhirela ha vhulwadze U fhirela ha vhulwadze
Inoculation Inoculation Another word for vaccination or immunisation – the process where you become immune to an infectious disease. U haeliwa u thivhela malwadze U haeliwa u thivhela malwadze
Interaction how medicines mix Some medicines have effects on each other, or may make it difficult or easier for other medicines to work. This can cause side effects or can make a medicine work better. Always tell a doctor what medicine you are using when they need to give you more medicine. Musi mishonga yo fhambanaho i tshi shumisiwa nga tshifhinga tshithihi,huṅwe I a engedzavhuhali na maanḓa kana u fhungudza Musi mishonga yo fhambanaho i tshi shumisiwa nga tshifhinga tshithihi,huṅwe I a engedzavhuhali na maanḓa kana u fhungudza
Jab Jab A word that describes getting a vaccine dose U ṱhavhiwa kana u haeliwa U ṱhavhiwa kana u haeliwa
Laboratory undefined A place equipped for experimental study in a science or for testing and analysis a research undefined Fhethu ha ṱola na u ita dzitsedzisiso nga vhaḓivhi
Lockdown Lockdown A government regulation to limits people's movements and makes certain health behavours complusory Nyiledzo ya mutshimbili nga muvhuso Nyiledzo ya mutshimbili nga muvhuso
Mandatory compulsory Required by a law or rule: obligatory/compulsory Khombe khome U kombetshezwa nga mulayo
Microscopic very small Something so small that you cannot see it with the naked eye – something you can only see through a microscope. Bacteria and viruses are microscopic, for example U ṱukufhalesa U ṱukufhalesa zwine a zwi konwi u vhonwa nga maṱo sa zwitzhili
Mimic copy To copy / look-like / imitate something U edzisa/ ukopolola U edzisa/ ukopolola
mRNA mRNA Messenger-RNA are small chemicals that send messages to your cells to tell them about how a new virus that has not attacked the body yet will look. It is used in vaccines to create immune system memory Khemikhaḽa/mishonga ino laedza tsiki dza muvhili nga vhulwadze vhuswa vhu saathu u fhenya muvhili. Khemikhaḽa idzo dzi shumiswa kha mushonga wa u haela u khwaṱhisa masole a muvhili Khemikhaḽa/mishonga ino laedza tsiki dza muvhili nga vhulwadze vhuswa vhu saathu u fhenya muvhili. Khemikhaḽa idzo dzi shumiswa kha mushonga wa u haela u khwaṱhisa masole a muvhili
Mucus Mucus A slim found in the body maduda maduda
Myths Myths A widely held but false belief or idea. There are many myths – otherwise known as fake news or fictions – about Covid-19 and vaccines Mafhungo a si a vhukuma kana asi na vhuṱanzi Mafhungo a si a vhukuma kana asi na vhuṱanzi
Non-pharmaceutical interventions health behaviours Things that every person can do to prevent a disease that does not involve taking medicine Zwine muthu anga ita u thivhela vhulwadze a sa shumisi mishonga Zwine muthu anga ita u thivhela vhulwadze a sa shumisi mishonga
Nurse Nurse A health worker that is the first and most regular person to give you care at a medical facility Muongi/ Nese
Nursing Nursing A job where people care for the medical needs of people in clinics and hospitals U alafha/ u onga U alafha/ u onga
Open spaces Open spaces Places that are outdoors and have a lot of fresh air Fhethu ho vulea Fhethu ho vulea
Pandemic Pandemic A pandemic is an when a disease spreads across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a large number of people. Musi vhulwadze vhu tshi phaḓalala kha mashango a tshivhalo, ha dovha ha fara vhathu nga vhunzhi Musi vhulwadze vhu tshi phaḓalala kha mashango a tshivhalo, ha dovha ha fara vhathu nga vhunzhi
PCR test covid test A test that uses a sample from the back of your nose and mouth to know if there is COVID-19 virus in your body. The test can be done in a clinic, hospital, laboratory or even in your car Ndingo dza COVID-19 Ndingo dza vhulwadze nga u dzhia dzi tsumbo kha mulomo kana ningo.
Peer review independently tested The process where scientists who were not involved with the trial – or who are independent experts – check test results for a scientific study is called peer review. This is a way of making sure that the results of an experiment/trial/study are accurate Ndingo dzo lingiwaho nga vhaḓivhi vha zwiimiswa zwo ḓi imisaho nga ndoṱhe Ndingo dzo lingiwaho nga vhaḓivhi vha zwiimiswa zwo ḓi imisaho nga ndoṱhe
Placebo Placebo Substance or treatment that has no effect on human beings. Mushonga une a u lafhi muthu kana u tou dzidzivhadza Mushonga une a u lafhi muthu kana u tou dzidzivhadza
Population immunity Population immunity Also known as herd immunity’, population immunity is when at least 70% of a community have antibodies that help them fight a new virus like COVID-19. This can happen through many people being infected with the virus or through many people getting a vaccine Musi vhathu vha muvhundu/lushaka/fhethu vha fhiraho tshivhalo tsha fumisumbe wa dzi peresente dza vhadzuli vho haeliwa kha u lwisa vhulwadze vhu no nga COVID-19. Musi vhathu vha muvhundu/lushaka/fhethu vha fhiraho tshivhalo tsha fumisumbe wa dzi peresente dza vhadzuli vho haeliwa kha u lwisa vhulwadze vhu no nga COVID-19.
PPE PPE Personal protective equipment (PPE), is equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards that cause injuries and illnesses. Masks are part of PPE. Zwishumiswa zwa tsireledzo/ u ḓi tsireledza Zwishumiswa zwa tsireledzo/ u ḓi tsireledza
Public health Public Health Public health is the process of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities. Vhuengelo ha vhathu vhoṱhe Vhuengelo ha vhathu vhoṱhe
Public spaces Public spaces Anypublic place where people who are not from home can gather Fhethu ha vhathu vhoṱhe Fhethu ha vhathu vhoṱhe
Quarantine Quarantine When a person who is or could be infected with a virus needs to stop being with other people so that they do not spread the virus Musi muthu are na tshitzhili a sa ṱangani na vhaṅwe vhathu u ri asa phaḓaladze tshitzhili Musi muthu are na tshitzhili a sa ṱangani na vhaṅwe vhathu u ri asa phaḓaladze tshitzhili
Register Register The process using your phone or comupter to give your details so that you can get the vaccine U ḓi ṅwalisa U ḓi ṅwalisa
Replicate undefined When a virus is spreading in your body, it is making more copies of the virus undefined Musi tshitzhili tshi tshi khou phaḓalala na muvhili
Review Review The process of checking if a vaccine is safe before it gets approved by government. Evidence from more than one phase of a clinical trial can be reviewed at the same time while the experiment continues u sedzulusa U sedzulusa uri mushonga wa u haela wo lugela u shumisiwa ng vhathu musi u saathu u themendelwa nga muvhuso
Saline Salt water A solution of salt in water Maḓi o ṱanganaho na muṇo Maḓi o ṱanganaho na muṇo
Sanitize Sanitise To clean you hands with an alcohol based substance U sanithaidza/ U ṱanzwa tshikha nga mushonga U sanithaidza/ U ṱanzwa tshikha nga mushonga
SARS COV-2 COVID-19 Covid-19, also known as the Corona Virus or SARS-CoV-2, is a mild to severe illness attacks parts of the body that help people breath. It spreads through droplets in the air or from toucing people or thing that have the droplets that have the virus in it COVID-19 ndi Tshitzhili tsha corona tshi no vhanga vhulwadze kha muthu sa u khundelwa u fema. Vhu phaḓalala nga muya musi muthu a tshi fema kana u fara fhethu hu rena tshitzhili COVID-19 ndi Tshitzhili tsha corona tshi no vhanga vhulwadze kha muthu sa u khundelwa u fema. Vhu phaḓalala nga muya musi muthu a tshi fema kana u fara fhethu hu rena tshitzhili
Screening Screening Screening is questions asked to determine a person’s risk of infection for a particular disease. Mbudziso dzi no vhudziswa u wanulusa uri muthu una vhulwadze Mbudziso dzi no vhudziswa u wanulusa uri muthu una vhulwadze
Self-Isolation Self-isolation Is a way to keep yourself from possibly infecting others if you think you might be infected. It involves limiting contact with public places, relatives, friends, colleagues, and public transport U ḓi khethulula kha vhaṅwe vhathu uri u sa fhirisele vhulwadze kha vhathu U ḓi khethulula kha vhaṅwe vhathu uri u sa fhirisele vhulwadze kha vhathu
Social distancing social distancing The practice of maintaining a greater than usual physical distance (such as 1.5 meters or more) from other people. U sia tshikhala tsha mithara muthihi na hafu u ya nṱha musi vha vhathuni U sia tshikhala tsha mithara muthihi na hafu u ya nṱha musi vha vhathuni
Soreness Soreness Pain in your muscles and joints U vhavha ha muvhili U vhavha ha muvhili
Spike Protein Spike protein The COVID-19 virus looks like it was many small stick on it. These sticks have bad protein that help COVID-19 to enter the body and attach to parts of the body that have good protein that it starts to attack Vhulwadze ha COVID-19 vhu sumbedza vhu na zwiṱhavhi zwiṱuku zwi re na pfushi dzine dza thusa uri vhulwadze ha COVID-19 vhu fare muthu Vhulwadze ha COVID-19 vhu sumbedza vhu na zwiṱhavhi zwiṱuku zwi re na pfushi dzine dza thusa uri vhulwadze ha COVID-19 vhu fare muthu
Susceptible vulnerable When a person can get sick quickly or because of pre-exiting diseases could get very sick U vha khomboni ya u farwa nga vhulwadze nga nṱhani ha malwadze ane muthu a vha nao U vha khomboni ya u farwa nga vhulwadze nga nṱhani ha malwadze ane muthu a vha nao
Symptoms Symptoms Physical or mental signs of an illness. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include loss of taste or smell, aches and pains, headache, sore throat, nasal congestion, red eyes, diarrhoea, or a skin rash Tsumbo dwadze tsumbo dwadze dza COVID-19 sa u fhisa ha muvhili,u hoṱola,u neta. Zwiṅwe ndi u sa pfa munukho, u vhavha ha muvhili na misipha,u rema ha ṱhoho,u thivhana ha ningo, u shela na munyavhili
Technology Technology New tools or processes Thekhinoḽodzhi/ zwishumiswa zwiswa zwo bvelezwaho Thekhinoḽodzhi/ zwishumiswa zwiswa zwo bvelezwaho
Tight Chest Tight Chest When a person's chest hurts and they feel like breathing is difficult U vhavha ha khana lune muthu a balelwa u fema U vhavha ha khana lune muthu a balelwa u fema
Tiredness Tiredness Feeling tire more than usual Tshineto Tshineto
Transmission Transmission Is the passing/spreading of a disease from an infected individual or group to a previously uninfected individual or group U shelana/ U fhirisela vhulwadze U shelana/ U fhirisela vhulwadze
Transmit pass on Cause (something) to pass on from one person or place to another. Eg: COVID-19 U pfukisela U pfukisela
Trial test A test or experiment, usually conducted under specific condition Ndingo Ndingo
Vaccine Vaccine A medicine that is injected into the body to help the body learn how to fight a new virus. It helps the immune system build memry so if the virus enters the body, the body is ready to fight Mushonga wa u haela u thivhela malwadze Mushonga wa u haela u thivhela malwadze
Vaccine hesitancy Vaccine hesitancy When people delay taking the vaccine because they do not know if it works or are afraid of the side-effects Musi vhathu vha tshi lenga u haeliwa nga u ofha kana u sa ḓi masiandoitwa Musi vhathu vha tshi lenga u haeliwa nga u ofha kana u sa ḓi masiandoitwa
Variant Variant A form or version of something that differs in some respect from other forms of the same thing; a new or mutated version of a virus. A variant of Covid-19 that has been identified in South Africa is called 501Y.V2 Lushaka lwa vhulwadze/tshitzhili Lushaka lwa vhulwadze/tshitzhili
Ventilation Ventilation The provision of fresh air to a room, building or building. A space with good airflow is well ventilated Tshikhala kha tshifhaṱo tshi no dzhenisa muya Tshikhala kha tshifhaṱo tshi no dzhenisa muya
Viral vector vaccine Viral vector vaccine A weak and changed form of a virus is used in a vaccine to go into our bodies tell the body how the real virus looks and what it does. This helps the body fight when the virus attack the body Lushaka lwa tshitzhili lu no shumiswa kha mushonga wa u haela uri muvhili u kone u ṱalukanya tshitzhili tshine tsha nga ṱhasela muvhili Lushaka lwa tshitzhili lu no shumiswa kha mushonga wa u haela uri muvhili u kone u ṱalukanya tshitzhili tshine tsha nga ṱhasela muvhili
Virus Virus A virus is an infectious organism of small size and simple composition that can multiply only in living cells of animals, humans, plants, or bacteria. Tshitzhili Tshitzhili
Virus Mutations Virus changes Changes to the structure of a virus which can changes to how it affects the body. All viruses change over time, either because of changes to the environment or because when the virus is spreading there may be mistakes or changes how it copies itself. U shanduka ha tshitzhili zwitzhili zwoṱhe zwi a shanduka u ya nga fhethu vhupo kana nḓila ine zwa fara ngayo vhathu
Vulnerable Vulnerable A person in need of special care, support, or protection because of age, disability, or risk of abuse or neglect Muthu a songo tsireledzeaho kana u ṱoda thuso Muthu a songo tsireledzeaho kana u ṱoda thuso
Wave Wave A wave happens when the number of people infected by COVID-19 increases very fast and the number of people in hospitals of dying is very high Gabelo Gabelo ḽi vha hone arali tshivhalo tsha vhathu vho farwaho nga COVID-19 tshi tshi khou engedzea